Apache Baremaps is a toolkit and a set of infrastructure components for creating, publishing, and operating online maps. It provides a data pipeline enabling developers to build maps with different data sources with live reload capabilities. It provides other services commonly used in online maps, such as location search and IP to location.

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Create an IP to location web service

In this tutorial, we demonstrate how to create an IP to location index and then serve it in a simple web application.

Dataset

The data used to create an IP to location index is publicly available from the 5 Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)

Here is the list of the 5 RIRs.

These Regional Internet Registries contain records that link IP address ranges to organisations along with some metadata. It is not always possible to extract meaningful data from these registries because they are not normalised.

Generate the index

The workflow executed in the following command contains multiple steps.

  • Download and decompress the data from the RIRs
  • Download and create a Geocoding index (see the Geocoding example)
  • Iterate over every entry in the registries to extract the IP address ranges and the associated metadata to query the Geocoding index and extract a latitude and a longitude.
baremaps workflow execute --file examples/geocoding/workflow.json

Serve the data

The following command will serve the Geonames index over HTTP in a simple web application.

iploc serve --database iploc.db --port 9000

Go to http://localhost:9000/ to see it in action.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learnt how to create an IP to location index and serve it in a simple web application. IP to location has many uses, one of which is to locate users that connect to a website to generate statistics.

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